Tobacco seeds require a warm temperature to germinate. 75-80 degrees is ideal. Before planting outside, you should start the seeds indoors 4-6 weeks before your last frost date. Lightly sprinkle the seeds on the surface of a seed starting mix soil (one that is finely textured) and lightly water. DO NOT cover the seeds with soil, because they need the light to germinate. Seeds will usually begin to germinate within 7-10 days, but some varieties can take up to 2 weeks. Keep the soil moist and water from the bottom, as to not uproot the fragile seedlings.
Tobacco plants are self-pollinating, which means they have the ability to fertilize their own flowers. Please keep this in mind when purchasing different varieties. Do not plant them close to one another. Technically, you want around 1 mile of space between each variety that is planted. This isn’t always possible for the home gardener, so keep the seedlings about 3 feet apart.
Tobacco seeds have the ability to germinate and grow in just about any state. If you have the ability to grow a vegetable garden, then you have the ability to grow a tobacco plant. Tobacco seeds are surprisingly durable and will do well in any area!
A Flue-cured Tobacco, Bright Tobacco. A leading commercial variety in Ontario. But it grows very well across the USA too. These plants are known to get as big as 12ft. This plant was developed by crossing Canadian and American varieties to improve quality and disease resistance and to lower nicotine. Its slightly heavier, thicker leaves cure nicely with a high percentage of mahogany and orange leaves. The flavor is said to be somewhat bolder than other varieties, but not too strong, with a rich tobacco flavor and a very heavy yield.
A Flue-cured Tobacco, Bright Tobacco. A leading commercial variety in Ontario. Commercial variety grown in Ontario, developed by crossing Delgold, the longtime industry standard, with an American variety. Improvements include lower nicotine content and better resistance to disease. Its slightly thinner and lighter leaves cure well, producing a high quality tobacco with a light flavor. Like the Canadian Virginia Flue Cured Bold, grows well in every state in the USA.
Extremely Potent half hardy annual that grows to about 3 ft. and is cultivated worldwide for smoking and nicotine production, but also works great for pesticides. This plant has many green to yellow flowers that remain open during the day and be can raised as far north as Maine. It is a fast grower and is so potent that it has been used as an arrow poison in Mexico!
Medium, smooth leaf that cures to a dark brown. Can be used as a chew, binder, filler or wrapper or even in cigarette/pipe blends. It grows 5' to 6' tall with blooming occurring at 55-65 days. It produces 16-18 harvestable leaves averaging 14"-16" wide and 24" long which ripen 2-3 weeks after booming begins. Can be fire cured or air cured depending on application.
A fine commercial strain that is used for its hardiness and smooth flavor. A must for cigarette making. This plant grows fast and is a high yield producer. It is recommended to leave 14 leaves on the plant while pruning.
A very light gold leaf when curing, it makes an excellent smoking tobacco. It grows to a height of 6-7 feet tall. The light green leaves are from 14" to 18" wide and 24" to 30" long, and turn a light yellow when ripe. The plants produce an average of 18 leaves per plant, with yields averaging 3 oz of dried leaf per plant. Matures in 55 days.
This is a deep dark tobacco that gives good weight and supports itself very well. This is a tobacco prized by specialty growers because it provides a great wrapper tobacco or a premium snuff tobacco when ripe. A good tobacco for beginners learning to roll their own cigars or for first time snuff makers.
This Turkish tobacco is among the best money can buy. Originating in the Samsun region of Turkey, along the Black Sea, this tobacco is renowned for its unique rich flavor. This plant has smaller leaves than other strains, but a very distinctive aroma. An excellent Turkish blend or unique by itself.
The Connecticut Valley is a major source of some of the world's finest wrapper leaves. This golden colored wrapper tobacco is highly regarded and praised by many cigar makers and connoisseurs. Connecticut Shade originated from a strain of Cuban seed, is shade-grown under huge tents of cheesecloth or greenhouse shade netting to protect the delicate leaf.
A very mild tobacco leaf for cigarettes and pipes. It averages 6' in height with 18-20 leaves per plant. It reaches maturity when blooms appear at 55 days. The light green leaves average 12" wide by 24" long and become a light yellow/green when ripe. Leaves began to ripen as the plant reaches bloom. Air cures easily to a light golden brown with yields averaging 3 oz of dried leaf per plant.
Rare and famous Louisiana tobacco known for its dark, black color and unique flavor when cured. Perique is a spice tobacco, usually used in Virginia blends. It has a dark, oily appearance, when cured and a taste of pepper and figs. Its flavor is a little strong, so it is usually found mostly in blends. It can be smoked straight, but isn't intended to be. Being acidic, it tends to alleviate alkaline tongue bite, which is so often a problem with Virginia tobacco, so it is recommend to blend this with your cigarette blends.
Cuban Criollo 98 is one of the most valued strains for Cuban cigars. It originated from a crossing between the varieties ' Havana 92' and `Habana P.R'. Cultivated in the sun it produces from 14 to 16 useful leaves per plant and makes an excellent binder. It reaches an average height of 6 feet. Leaves average 24 inches in length and 12 inches wide.
Habano 2000 is derived from a crossing between the variety Corojo and a non commercial variety of Cuban dark tobacco, the Habano 2.1.1. Grown in direct sun it reaches an average height of 6 feet with 14-16 leaves per plant. In very rich soils it can develop up to 18 leaves per plant. Sun grown plants are often used as a binder or filler. Grown under a shade cloths, Habano 2000 makes an excellent wrapper.
Basma tobacco originated in Greece. It is known for its sweet and aromatic taste. Leaves have a sugar content of 10-12%. It is a tall columnar plant reaching 6" in height. Leaves are sharply pointed averaging 9" to 10" in width and up to 20" in length. Plants produce an average of 20 leaves per plant with a nicotine content of 1%. Matures in 60 days
This dark Virginian type tobacco air cures to a deep reddish brown color and makes an excellent pipe or full flavored cigarette blend. It has a silky feel, which means that your highest quality leaf could even be used as a wrapper for cigars. Grows to about 6 feet in height and matures in 65 days.
Native to East Java, Indonesia, Besuki (or Bezuki) tobacco is revered in a class of its own in the premium cigar market. This mild yet flavorful cigar tobacco produces both wrapper and filler, and is used in many premium cigar blends. This plant matures in about 65 days.
This high nicotine variety of Mexican tobacco comes from a region near Camposotela called Valle Banderas. This short growing plant reaches maturity quickly in around 45 days, and has large leaves, similar in size to many American grown varieties of tobacco. Because of its short grow time and size, this plant only produces around 15-18 leaves per plant at harvest
This heirloom is an all around good tobacco. Makes a somewhat sweet chew, and is also good for making cigarette and pipe tobacco blends. Large plants with heavy crops, should be staked or tied off to something for support, or it will blow over in heavy storms.